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NINSO The Northumbria Internet & Society Research Interest Group

We are lawyers, economists, business scholars, social scientists, architects, computer scientists, engineers and students with a research interest at the intersection of Internet and society.

There are two features we are particularly proud of.

First, this is an open group. Mainly, this means that students (at master’s and PGR level) are active members of it. Moreover, NINSO is open to colleagues from other universities (currently, from the Universities of Pavia, Turin and Sassari) and from practice (e.g., IET). 

Second, it is a multidisciplinary enterprise. We are researchers from law, business, social sciences, computer science, engineering, and architecture. We believe that collaborating will improve both the quality of our research and the chances of successful bids.

If you would like to become a member of the NINSO family, want to visit or otherwise collaborate with us? Get in touch!

Group convenors: Elizabeth Tiarks and Massimo Ragnedda 










  • Bessant, Claire (2018) Sharenting: Balancing the conflicting rights of parents and children, Communications Law, 23 (1) p. 7-24
  • Bessant, Claire (2017) Could a child sue their parents for sharenting? Parenting for a Digital Future Blog.
  • Bessant, Claire (2017) Too much information? More than 80% of children have an online presence by the age of two. The Conversation. ISSN 2201-5639
  • Bessant, Claire (2017) Parental rights to publish family photographs versus children's rights to a private life. Entertainment Law Review, 28 (2). pp. 43-46. ISSN 0959-3799
  • Bessant, Claire (2017) The Legal Challenges of Social Media [Book review]. Communications Law, 22 (3). p. 106. ISSN 1746-7616
  • Bessant, Claire (2015) The application of Directive 95/46/EC and the Data Protection Act 1998 when an individual posts photographs of other individuals online. European Journal of Law and Technology, 6 (2). ISSN 2042-115X
  • Bessant, Claire (2014) Data protection, safeguarding and the protection of children's privacy: exploring local authority guidance on parental photography at school events. Information and Communications Technology Law, 23 (3). pp. 256-272. ISSN 1360-0834
  • Bessant, Claire (2014) Parental Photography at school events: going beyond the exemption in section 36. Privacy & Data Protection, 14 (6). pp. 7-10. ISSN 1473-3498
  • Dermentzi, E. and Papagiannidis, S. Academics’ Intention to Use Online Technologies for Public Engagement (paper accepted for publication to Internet Research, ABS 2*, July 2017)
  • Dermentzi, E., Papagiannidis, S., Osorio, C., and Yannopoulou, N. (2016). Academic engagement: Differences between intention to adopt Social Networking Sites and other online technologies. Computers in Human Behavior, Vol. 61, pp. 321-332. (ABS 3*). doi: 10.1016/j.chb.2016.03.019.
  • Dilaver, Ozge (2014) Involuntary Technology Adoption: How Consumer Interdependencies can Lead to Societal Change, Structural Change and Economic Dynamics, Volume 31, December 2014, 138–148.
  • Dilaver, Ozge (2013) Making Sense of the Value of Innovations: A Comparison of Personal Computers and Mobile Phones, New Media and Society, Volume 16, Issue 8, 1214-1232.
  • Hanna Kreitem. (2017). DEFYING BORDERS IN THE LEVANT: CONTEMPORARY DANCE AND THE INTERNET. In Lidia Bocanegra Barbecho & Ana García López (Eds.), Con la Red / En la Red: Creación, Investigación y Comunicación Cultural y Artística en la Era de Internet (pp. 367–384). Granada: Universidad de Granada; Downhill Publishing (NY). 
  • Hanna Kreitem. (2018). DIGITAL INCLUSION IN JORDAN: OPPORTUNITIES AND HURDLES. In Massimo Ragnedda & Bruce Mutsvairo (Eds.), Digital Inclusion: Be on the Right Side of the Digital Divide. Lexington Books
  • Moreno-Esparza, G., Tellez-Martinez, R. A. (2017) “Visualising simultaneity in diasporic public spheres: The case of the Mexican diaspora in the US”, JOMEC Journal, Cardiff School of Journalism, Media & Cultural Studies. Available at
  • Moreno, G. (forthcoming) “Digital families in diasporic social space”, Roza Tsagarousianou (ed.) The Handbook of Diasporas, Media, and Culture, Wiley.
  • Mutsvairo Bruce and Ragnedda, Massimo (eds), Mapping Key Perspectives on Digital Divide in Africa. Amsterdam University Press (AUP), 2018. (forthcoming)
  • Mutsvairo Bruce and Ragnedda, Massimo (2017), Emerging Political Narratives on Malawian Digital Spaces, Communicatio, Routledge.
  • Guido Noto La Diega, ‘Non-conventional marks: the EU reform of trade marks, Brexit, and the Internet of Things’ (Diritto Mercato Tecnologia, 16 January 2018) <>
  • Guido Noto La Diega, ‘Hemispatial neglect and data protection’ in Personal data in competition, consumer protection and IP law – Towards a holistic approach? (Springer 2018, forthcoming)
  • Guido Noto La Diega, ‘Some considerations on intelligent online behavioural advertising’ (2018, forthcoming) Revue du droit des technologies de l'information
  • Guido Noto La Diega, ‘Internet of Things and Patents: Towards the IoT Patent Wars?’ (2017) 3(2) TFM Ticaret ve Fikri Mülkiyet Hukuku Dergisi - Journal of Commercial and Intellectual Property Law 47-66
  • Guido Noto La Diega, ‘The European strategy on robotics and artificial intelligence: Too much ethics, too little security’ (2017) 3(2) European Cybersecurity Journal 6-10.
  • Guido Noto La Diega, The Internet of Citizens. A lawyer’s view on some technological developments in the United Kingdom and India, in Indian Journal of Law & Technology, 2017, 12(1), 53-104.
  • Guido Noto La Diega, Software patents and the Internet of Things in Europe, the United States, and India, in European Intellectual Property Review, 2017, 39(3), 173-184.
  • Guido Noto La Diega, Machine rules. Of drones, robots and the info-capitalist society, in Italian Law Journal, 2016, II, 367-404
  • Guido Noto La Diega, Patents on computer-related inventions in India, in Intellectual Property Rights: Open Access, S1: 009, doi: 10.4172/2375-4516.S1-009
  • Guido Noto La Diega and Ian Walden, Contracting for the ‘Internet of Things’: Looking into the Nest, in European Journal of Law & Technology, 2016, II, 1-38
  • Guido Noto La Diega, Uber law and awareness by design. An empirical study on online platforms and dehumanised negotiations, in Revue européenne de droit de la consommation / European journal of consumer law, 2016, II, 383-413.
  • Guido Noto La Diega, Clouds of Things. Data protection and consumer law at the intersection of cloud computing and the Internet of Things in the United Kingdom, in Journal of Law & Economic Regulation, 2016, 9, 1, 69-93
  • Guido Noto La Diega and Luce Jacovella, UBERTRUST: How Uber Represents Itself to Its Customers Through its Legal and Non-Legal Documents, in Journal of Civil and Legal Sciences, 2016, 5, 199. doi:10.4172/2169-0170.1000199
  • Guido Noto La Diega, Privacy e trattamento dati, in The Law of Service Robots, edited by C. Artusio and M.A. Senor, Nexa Center for Internet & Society, Turin, 4.12.2015, (Privacy and data protection in robots and drones)
  • Guido Noto La Diega, British perspectives on the Internet of Things. The Clouds of Things-Health use case, in Internet of Things: Legal Issues and Challenges towards a Hyperconnected World, Seoul, 2015, 45-99
  • Guido Noto La Diega, In light of the ends. Copyright hysteresis and private copy exception after the British Academy of Songwriters, Composers and Authors (BASCA) and others v Secretary of State for Business, Innovation and Skills case, in Diritto Mercato Tecnologia, 2015, II.
  • Guido Noto La Diega, Striking a Balance among Security, Privacy and Competition. The Data Retention and Investigatory Powers Act 2014 (DRIP), in Diritto Mercato Tecnologia, 21-1-2015
  • Guido Noto La Diega, On Porn Censorship and Liberal Ethics in the UK. Brief Notes of the Audiovisual Media Services Regulations 2014, in Diritto Mercato Tecnologia, 15-1-2015
  • Guido Noto La Diega, Il cloud computing. Alla ricerca del diritto perduto nel web 3.0, in “Europa e diritto privato”, 2014, II, 577-659 (trans. Cloud Computing: In Search of Lost Law in the Web 3.0);
  • Guido Noto La Diega, Cloud computing e protezione dei dati nel web 3.0, in “”, 5-4-2014 (Cloud Computing and Data Protection in the Web 3.0);
  • Guido Noto La Diega, Le idee e il muro del suono. I programmi per elaboratore nella più recente giurisprudenza europea, in "Europa e diritto privato", 2013, II, 543-596 (trans. The Ideas and the Sound Barrier. Computer Programs in the Most Recent European Case Law);
  • Guido Noto La Diega, I programmi per elaboratore e i confini del diritto di autore. La Corte di Giustizia nega la tutela a funzionalità, linguaggio di programmazione e formato dei file di dati, in “Riv. dir. ec. trasp. amb.”, 2013, XI, 69-96 (trans. Computer Programs and the Boundaries of Copyright: The Court of Justice Denies Protection to Functionalities, Programming Language and Formats of Data Files).
  • Ragnedda, Massimo and Bruce Mutsvairo (eds), Digital Inclusion: Be on the Right Side of the Political Divide, Lexington Books, 2018.  (forthcoming)
  • Ragnedda, Massimo and Muschert Glenn (eds), Theorizing Digital Divide, London: Routledge, 2017.
  • Ragnedda, Massimo (2017), The Third Digital Divide. A Weberian approach to digital inequalities, London: Routledge. 
  • Massimo Ragnedda (2018), From the first to the third level of Digital Divide, in Mutsvairo Bruce and Ragnedda, Massimo (eds), Mapping Key Perspectives on Digital Divide in Africa. Amsterdam University Press (AUP), 2018. (forthcoming)
  • Massimo Ragnedda (2018) Digital Inclusion in Europe, in Ragnedda, Massimo and Bruce Mutsvairo (eds), Digital Inclusion: Be on the Right Side of the Political Divide, Lexington Books, 2018.  (forthcoming)
  • Massimo Ragnedda, Tackling Digital Inequalities, in Muschert et al (2018), Agenda for Social Justice: Global solutions, Policy Press, University of Bristol. (forthcoming)
  • Massimo Ragnedda and Maria Laura Ruiu (2017), UK General Election 2015: dealing with austerity, SACS-o Working Papers, Newcastle University.
  • Massimo Ragnedda and Maria Laura Ruiu (2017), From Social to digital capital, in Ragnedda, Massimo, Muschert Glenn (eds), Theorizing Digital Divide, London: Routledge, 2017.
  • Massimo Ragnedda and Maria Laura Ruiu (2017), Exclusão digital: como é estar do lado errado da divisão digital (Digital exclusion: be on the wrong side of the digital divide), Revista Online de Comunicação, Linguagem e Mídias, 10(20): 90-113.
  • Massimo Ragnedda and Bruce Mutsvairo (2016), Demystifying Digital Divide and Digital Leisure. Chapter in David McGillivray, Gayle McPherson, Sandro Carnicelli (eds) Digital Leisure Cultures: Critical Perspectives, Routledge, pp. 107-119.
  • Massimo Ragnedda, Glenn W. Muschert (2016), Theorizing Digital Divides and Digital Inequalities, in Jan Servaes and Toks Oyedemi (editors) Social Inequalities, Media and Communication: A Global Perspective. Lexington Books. pp. 23-35.
  • Maria Laura Ruiu and Massimo Ragnedda (2017), The Quadruple Helix Model of Libraries: The Role of Public Libraries in Newcastle upon Tyne, Public Library Quarterly, DOI: 10.1080/01616846.2017.1318642
  • Maria Laura Ruiu and Massimo Ragnedda (2017). Empowering Local Communities Through Collective Grassroots Actions: the Case of “No al Progetto Eleonora” in the Arborea District (OR, Sardinia). The Communication Review. 20(1): 50-67.
  • Maria Laura Ruiu and Massimo Ragnedda (2016), Between digital inclusion and social equality: the role of public libraries in Newcastle upon Tyne, Library and Information Research, 40(123): 69-87.
  • Schleser, M., Moreno, G., Anandana, K. (2017) “Mobile Journalism: Reflexive Storytelling in the Co-produced Public Sphere” (Chapter 8), Sylvie E. Prasad (ed.) Creative Mobile Media: A Complete Course, Routledge.

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