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Dr Sarah Duffy

Senior Lecturer

Department: Humanities

I joined the Department of Humanities at Northumbria University in 2016 as Senior Lecturer in Language and Linguistics. Prior to this, from 2014–2016, I held a lectureship in the Department of English Language and Applied Linguistics at the University of Birmingham.


PhD September 16 2014

Key Publications

  • Please visit the Pure Research Information Portal for further information
  • Can co-gesture alone carry the mental time line?, Winter, B., Duffy, S. 27 Feb 2020, In: Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning Memory and Cognition
  • On the path of time: Temporal motion in typological perspective, Feist, M., Duffy, S. 29 Jan 2020, In: Language and Cognition
  • Reporting conditionals with modals, Sztencel, M., Duffy, S. 2019, Indirect Reports and Pragmatics in the World Languages, Cham, Springer
  • Power in time: The influence of power posing on metaphoric perspectives on time, Duffy, S., Feist, M. Dec 2017, In: Language and Cognition
  • The top trumps of time: Factors motivating the resolution of temporal ambiguity, Duffy, S., Evans, V. Jun 2017, In: Language and Cognition
  • Moving beyond ‘Next Wednesday’: The interplay of lexical semantics and constructional meaning in an ambiguous metaphoric statement, Feist, M., Duffy, S. 1 Nov 2015, In: Cognitive Linguistics
  • The metaphoric representation of time: a cognitive linguistic perspective, Duffy, S. 2015
  • Individual differences in the interpretation of ambiguous statements about time, Duffy, S., Feist, M. 2014, In: Cognitive Linguistics
  • Moving Through Time: The Role of Personality in Three Real-Life Contexts, Duffy, S., Feist, M., McCarthy, S. Nov 2014, In: Cognitive Science
  • The role of cultural artifacts in the interpretation of metaphorical expressions about time, Duffy, S. Apr 2014, In: Metaphor and Symbol

Research Themes and Scholarly Interests

Broadly speaking, I am interested in the universality and variation of metaphors and, in particular, individual differences in the comprehension and representation of metaphors. My main strand of research explores the ways in which people understand and reason about metaphors for time, with a particular focus on the factors that may influence people’s perspectives on the movement of events in time. In addition to this, I am involved in a number of projects exploring the pervasiveness of metaphor and embodied cognition in education and society.


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